Pediatric Ophthalmology refers to the diagnosis and treatment of eye disorders especially in children. The scope for research in this field is high because the treatment modalities and protocols differ entirely from that of the elderly. The diseases affecting the pediatric vision includes Genetic eye diseases, pediatric uveitis, developmental abnormalities and more. There are many genetic diseases that needs at most concern during the early stage. Amblyopia is a disease which happens because of the reduced vision in an eye which hasn’t received adequate use during early childhood. The symptoms include tilting the head, poor depth perception and improper movements of eye.